Canadian, Texas & Hemphill County

"Oasis of the Panhandle"

Seated on the northern rim of the Llano Estacado, in a region known as the Texas Panhandle, Canadian has been called the "Oasis of the Panhandle."   From the early apartment dwelling "ancient ones" who hunted pre-historic creatures to the Apaches, Kiowas and Comanches to the railroaders, cowboys and oilmen, newcomers to this valley, formed by the breaks of the Canadian River and high mesas the Caprock, found a rich natural environment for building a progressive, prosperous lifestyle.

Canadian Visitor Center

Pioneering ranchers and railroaders organized Hemphill County in 1887, deeding the first town lots for the city of Canadian on July 4. With the aid of the Sante Fe Railroad, a community sprouted and filled with mercantile stores, banks, churches, opera houses and schools.  The ladies of the Women's Christian Temperance Union built their own building and opened a county library.  The town grew over the next few decades, by the mid 1920's it hosted the largest shipping yards on the Sante Fe Line.  Surviving the Great Depression, and the move of the Sante Fe business to Amarillo in the 1950's, the citizens relied on pioneer ingenuity, reinventing its' self as a hub of the oil and gas industry.    The rich fields of oil and gas claimed some of the biggest wells in the United States.  Hemphill County is the listed about the top ten producers of natural gas in the United States.   

Canadian is the only incorporated town within the county, serving as the county seat.   Today, the community is proud of the heritage  and committment to community the pioneer families fostered.  Canadian encourages economic development and growth while striving to maintain preservation of the natural environment of the River Valley.  Individuals and groups within the community promote educational excellance and the appreication for cultural diversity. 

When a person crosses the prairies of the Texas and Oklahoma panhandles, and catch a glimpse of a beautiful, flourishing river valley, they will know they are in the Oasis of the Panhandle, Canadian.